A congenital abnormality is one that is present at birth. During development, there is a pair of tubes, called the Mullerian ducts, in the lower abdomen. The upper parts remain as the Fallopian tubes and the lower part unite to form the womb. The central septum between the two halves of the uterus should disappear. One of the two groups of congenital uterine abnormalities is due to some degree of failure of the septum to disappear . The vagina may also be divided into two by a central septum in association with congenital septal anomalies of the uterus. The second group of congenital uterine abnormalities occurs if one of the Mullerian ducts does not develop. Rarely the uterus may be congenitally absent. We do not know the exact incidence of congenital uterine abnormality as identifying investigations are only undertaken when there is a problem. It is believed that 5% of women have some degree of congenital uterine abnormality. In Turner?s syndrome (<a href="../06-Absent-Periods/06-13-Turner's-Syndrome.htm">Q6.13 style=">Figure. 3.1</a> <p>). The vagina may also be divided into two by a central septum in association with congenital septal anomalies of the uterus. The second group of congenital uterine abnormalities occurs if one of the Mullerian ducts does not develop. Rarely the uterus may be congenitally absent. We do not know the exact incidence of congenital uterine abnormality as identifying investigations are only undertaken when there is a problem. It is believed that 5% of women have some degree of congenital uterine abnormality. In Turner?s syndrome (<a href="../06-Absent-Periods/06-13-Turner's-Syndrome.htm"> ). In some women the ovaries are absent. 



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