Authors:

Henry A-M. Haukkamaa M.

Institution

Dr. M. Haukkamaa, Helsinki City Maternity Hospital, Sofianlehdonkatu 5 A,

FIN-00610 Helsinki; Finland.

Title:

Comparison of vaginal misoprostol and gemeprost as pre-treatment in first trimester pregnancy interruption. (1999 2704)

Source:

British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Vol 106(6) (pp40-543), 1999.

Abstract:

Objective. To compare the effectiveness of vaginal misoprostol pre-treatment with standard gemeprost pre-treatment in first trimester pregnancy termination. Design. A prospective randomised study. Population. One hundred and ninety-nine women scheduled for day case termination of pregnancy during the first trimester. Methods. Cervical priming with a vaginally applied 200 mug tablet of misoprostol for at least four hours, compared with a 1.0 mg vaginal suppository of gemeprost for at least three hours before vacuum aspiration. Main outcome measures. The prostaglandin effect on baseline cervical dilatation was the main outcome. Others were occurrence of pre-operative pain and need for analgesia, pre-operative side effects such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, presence of blood in the vagina and blood loss during the operation.

Results:

There was no significant difference in the dilatation ability of misoprostol or gemeprost, nor in the pre-operative use of analgesics. The Frequency of nausea and diarrhoea was significantly less common in the misoprostol treated women. Conclusions. Vaginally applied misoprostol is as effective as gemeprost in cervical priming prior to first trimester vacuum aspiration. Misoprostol was associated with fewer side effects than gemeprost.






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