What is infertility?

Infertility is usually defined as involuntary failure to conceive after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. In its wider sense, infertility refers to couples who are having difficulty achieving parenthood and would, therefore, include pregnancy problems such as recurrent miscarriage. Between 80-90% of couples who will achieve a pregnancy without assistance, succeed within the first year of unprotected intercourse and about 95% within two years. The central theme of biology is reproduction, and for those unfortunate couples who have difficulty achieving parenthood there may be feelings including anxiety, frustration and despair.

Primary infertility usually refers to patients with no history of a successful pregnancy. Secondary infertility indicates that there has been a previous successful pregnancy. It may also be appropriate to consider whether the infertility is primary or secondary for each partner as well as for the current partnership.

Infertility is perceived as a disease by less than half of people surveyed (38%), in contrast to the accepted medical opinion; (ii) awareness about the definition and incidence of infertility is relatively low, despite the fact that half of the people polled claimed to know someone affected by infertility.(2000-01)

Related Medical Abstracts - Click on the paper title:-



Women's Health



Please click on the required question.

Women's Health

Thank you for choosing to visit us.


This is the personal website of David A Viniker MD FRCOG, retired Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist - Specialist Interests - Reproductive Medicine including Infertility, PCOS, PMS, Menopause and HRT.
I do hope that you find the answers to your women's health questions in the patient information and medical advice provided.

I do hope that you find the answers to your women's health questions in the patient information and medical advice provided.

The aim of this web site is to provide a general guide and it is not intended as a substitute for a consultation with an appropriate specialist in respect of individual care and treatment.

David Viniker retired from active clinical practice in 2012.
In 1999, he setup this website - www.2womenshealth.com - to provide detailed
information many of his patients requested. The website attracts thousands of visitors every day from around the world.
Website optimisation (SEO) has became more than an active hobby. If you would like advice on your website, please visit his website Keyword SEO PRO or email him on david@page1-on-google.com.
David Viniker Linkedin Profile