J Nerv Ment Dis. 2006 Nov;194(11):833-7.

The association between seasonal and premenstrual symptoms is continuous and is not fully accounted for by depressive symptoms. Portella AT , Haaga DA , Rohan KJ .

American University, Washington, DC 20016-8062, USA.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) frequently co-occurs with premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Explanations of this comorbidity highlighting the cyclical nature of female sex hormones imply that seasonal and premenstrual symptoms should correlate positively even in nonclinical samples. In a sample of 91 female college students, we found a sizable positive correlation (r = .45; p< 0.001) between seasonal and premenstrual symptoms. This relation held up even in a subsample selected on the basis of not qualifying for SAD or subsyndromal SAD on a screening measure. Although the correlation was reduced when depressive symptom severity was statistically controlled, it remained positive and significant. Future research testing possible explanations of the co-occurrence of seasonal and premenstrual symptoms should incorporate the full range of severity on symptom variables, treating them as continua rather than solely as binary categories.

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This is the personal website of David A Viniker MD FRCOG, retired Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist - Specialist Interests - Reproductive Medicine including Infertility, PCOS, PMS, Menopause and HRT.
I do hope that you find the answers to your women's health questions in the patient information and medical advice provided.

I do hope that you find the answers to your women's health questions in the patient information and medical advice provided.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

The aim of this web site is to provide a general guide and it is not intended as a substitute for a consultation with an appropriate specialist in respect of individual care and treatment.

David Viniker retired from active clinical practice in 2012.
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