Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 Feb 1;

Assessment of TVT efficacy in the management of patients with genuine stress incontinence with the use of epidural vs intravenous anesthesia.


Liapis A ,Bakas P,Creatsas G.

2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aretaieio Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Our aim was to validate the use of intravenous anesthesia as an alternative to epidural anesthesia for the placement of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in patients with urodynamic stress incontinence. Eighty-six patients participated in this prospective study. Forty-five patients were operated with intravenous anesthesia and 41 patients with epidural anesthesia. All patients had a full history taken and a complete gynecological examination performed at initial visit. Preoperative and postoperative urodynamic investigations included filling and voiding cystometry, urethral profilometry, uroflow, and cough stress test. Genuine stress incontinence diagnosis was based on the findings of urodynamic investigations. Patients with prolapse more than first degree or detrusor instability were excluded from the study. The objective success rate for patients operated with intravenous anesthesia was 86.6%, whereas for patients operated with epidural anesthesia was 88% at 12 months of follow-up. We had no cases of postoperative bleeding or hematoma development. Postoperative urinary tract infection developed in three cases (3 of 74). Application of TVT procedure with intravenous anesthesia provides comparable results with the use of epidural anesthesia and could be a very good alternative.

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