Q 22. 1 Why is it natural to have some vaginal discharge? Vaginal secretion is the body’s natural way to clean and defend the vagina against infection and
Q 21. 1 What is the cervix? The cervix is the neck of the womb (Q2.3 and Figures 2.1 and 21.1). Along its middle is the cervical canal
Q 20. 1 What is an infection? An infection is a disease process found in association with micro-organisms such as bacteria and viruses (Q3.5). Q 20. 1 What
Q 19. 1 What does the term “abortion” mean? Abortion means expulsion of a pregnancy before the fetus (baby) is viable (capable of survival outside the womb). This
Q 18. 1 Who can be sterilised? Q 18. 2 What does female sterilisation involve? Q 18. 4 How quickly does female sterilisation work? The operation provides immediate
Q 17. 1 What are intrauterine contraceptive devices? Q 17. 1 What are intrauterine contraceptive devices? Q 17. 2 How commonly are IUCDs used? Q 17. 3 Why
Q 16. 1 What are the different types of combined oral contraceptive pills? Q 16. 1 What are the different types of combined oral contraceptive pills? Q 16.
Q 15. 1 What is an oral contraceptive? In 1921 it was suggested that extracts from ovaries could be used as oral contraceptives. Diosgenin was first extracted from
Q 14. 1 What types of hormone contraceptives are available? Q 14. 1 What types of hormone contraceptives are available? Q 14. 2 How effective are hormonal contraceptives?
Q 12. 1 What is a miscarriage? The definition of a miscarriage is a spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks: in the UK we calculate the